Symptoms of Depression
There is in no single cause of depression but several ones and they are related to each other. Beyond biological causes, various psychological, contextual and sociological factors may participate in triggering depression.
Depression can often be triggered by very stressful life situations or by other factors, such as:
- the death of a loved one, a move, divorce, financial hardship or loss of employment;
- social isolation;
- periods of relationship conflict with a spouse or family;
- demanding work or a stressful workplace
- Health problems, especially when the person has a chronic health problem.
Sometimes the biggest obstacle to getting better and progressing is depression itself. For example, a depressed person often walks away from comforting and supportive loved ones or stops participating in activities of personal interest, which can contribute to their illness
Being aware of this complexity of the origin of depression allows us to detach ourselves from strictly internal causes such as: “it’s my fault”, “I’m worthless” or “I’m unable to get out of it” . These beliefs are far from reality and do not allow for a healing process.
The main physical signs of depression are:
- Weight loss related to anorexia, loss of taste, feeling of tightness in the throat.
- Sleep disorders: insomnia of falling asleep, nocturnal awakenings with nightmares, insomnia of late night often associated with suicidal thoughts more pregnant. Hypersomnia is another form of sleep disorder: the patient finds refuge in a sleep that has lost its restorative value resulting in a feeling of fatigue when waking up.
- Disorders of libido: decreased sexual appetite, impotence or frigidity.
- Digestive disorders: diarrhea or constipation, anorexia, gastralgia, saburral state of the digestive tract.
- Cardiovascular disorders: palpitations, flushing, hypotension and bradycardia in severe forms.
Eating disorders related to depression are characterized by significant weight loss in the absence of diet or significant weight gain. The loss of weight comes from a lack of appetite related to the lack of general interest of the person. Excess appetite can be a way to fill the feeling of emptiness by swallowing large amounts of food.
Sleep disorders in depression are characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia.
In the case of insomnia, it is a difficulty to sleep at the beginning of the night. Despite his significant fatigue, the depressed person has difficulty falling asleep because he tends to think of many things at this time. She can wake up several times a night and for a relatively long time before returning to sleep. These cuts in sleep lessen the recuperative qualities of sleep.
Hypersomnia is characterized by a sleep time well above average. For the person with depressive disorders, sleep can then be a way to escape suffering.
Evolution of psychomotor behavior
This sign is most often characterized by a psychomotor slowing down. People with depressive disorders have slow movements, slow speech. This slowness can also reach certain biological functions such as digestion.
In some cases, the development of psychomotor behavior is characterized more by agitation.
Depression usually results in loss of vital momentum associated with intense fatigue and lack of energy. In everyday life, it is difficult to perform harmless gestures. This state has a name: the “impossible task”. We talk about it when the patient no longer feels capable of performing tasks that hitherto took place naturally without thinking about it: going to buy bread, making bed, taking care of administrative or household tasks …
In some people, sleeping becomes a refuge. However, this excess is not beneficial: the depressed are still tired, even with 10 hours of sleep to their credit. For others, the nights are short: late bedtime, night alarm or early morning, around 4 or 5 o’clock. Sleep is shallower and waking can be painful psychologically.
Feelings of worthlessness
During a depressive episode, the person feels an excessive feeling of worthlessness of his person and / or possibly an important feeling of guilt which is most often out of all reality.
It is a cognitive dysfunction that diminishes the reasoning ability. Along with this difficulty in thinking, there are difficulties in concentration and positioning that lead to an inability to make decisions.